DER SPIEGEL – Delegates of the CSTD have decided that the main topic of discussion should be the role of science, technology and innovation in ensuring food security. Certain Member States have voiced their thoughts on the issue.
Food security is an issue that impacts many nations around the world. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN defines food security as being “a condition that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food which meets their dietary needs and food preferences.” Today, this is the issue that faces the UN Commission on Science, Technology and Development (CSTD). Delegates in this committee have begun discussing their ideas. The delegates have much to say about how food insecurity affects their respective states.
The Opening Speeches
The other issue facing the CSTD is the incorporation of Indigenous traditions in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. The delegates of Russia, Japan, South Africa and Thailand chose to prioritize food security mainly because they believe that it is a more “pressing issue.”
The delegate of South Africa in particular acknowledges the importance of incorporating Indigenous traditions, but the delegate still emphasizes the need to prioritize food security. Like South Africa, Thailand acknowledges the value of Indigenous sciences in promoting food security. The Russian delegation hopes to focus on food security as well because it observes that in many developing countries, science and technology cannot be successfully incorporated, and Russia reinforces that it is critical to address this integration.
More Member States Input their voice
Other Member States have discussed ways to address the issue of food insecurity. Iran asserts that there are “enough resources to ensure food security worldwide,” and it emphasizes the need for transgenic foods in the international community. According to the delegate of Iran, the country produces 66% of its own food, and this is almost twice as much as their output years before even though only 11% of Iran’s land is arable land. This accomplishment was made possible through an emphasis on transgenic foods.
The delegate of Canada proposed another way to address food insecurity: biofortification. The delegate has argued that biofortification can help increase the number of crops produced in smaller farming communities, which would be helpful in eradicating food insecurity.
Progress So Far
Representatives from Japan has been discussing with other Member States the idea of having one resolution at the end. Some of the major aspects that delegates hope to focus on are the “building and enhancing of infrastructure” and “education of people in the sciences.” These two aspects may be an especially important priority in developing nations.
Delegates in the committee have began working together, and there have been talks about achieving a general consensus among delegates by the end of committee.